The Fix Because experts know this issue is genetic, Palm says that the best preventative method is to look at your family tree. "If you know you're at risk and you have relatives that suffer from keloid scars, avoid ear piercings or any type of disturbance to the chest -- the No. 1 area they can develop after earlobes," she says. If you feel any itchiness or noticed raised skin after any sort trauma, get to a dermatologist right away. "There are no truly effective over-the-counter treatments," Palm says, "but with early detection, your dermatologist will be able to start injection treatments with steroids to help stop the spread of scars."
When discussing treatment options with your derm, look into 5-fluorouracil, which is often used in colon cancer and skin cancer treatment. When combined with injectable steroid treatment, this option not only flattens out raised scars, it also reduces negative side effects in scar revision such as atrophy, or an over-thinning of the skin's tissues. If a scar worsens, radiation and laser treatment are options, "or they can be surgically removed" says Palm. However, keloids should be monitored after treatment, as they sometimes recur.
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